Father Maximilian returned to Poland in 1919 and began spreading his Militia of the Immaculata movement of Marian consecration (whose members are also called MIs), which he founded on October 16, 1917. St. Maximilian Kolbe was very active in promoting the Immaculate Virgin Mary and is known as the Apostle of Consecration to Mary. The story begins on 8 January, 1894 - Raymond Kolbe was born the second son of a poor weaver at Zdunska Wola near Lodz in Poland. Born: January 7 or 8, 1894 Died: August 14, 1941 Canonized: October 10, 1982, by Pope John Paul II Feast Day: August 14 Patron Saint of: political prisoners Maximilian Kolbe was born of a poor family in 1894 in Zdunska Wola which is near Lodz, Poland. His father was an ethnic German and his mother Polish. Returning to Poland, he established the popular Roman Catholic periodical Rycerz Niepokalanej (“The Knight of Mary Immaculate”) and in 1927 founded the City of Mary Immaculate (Niepokalanów), a religious centre, that eventually attracted some 700 friars and workers. Prisoners also report that he remained selfless, often sharing his meagre rations with others. The Kolbes were a devout and patriotic working-class family. Kolbe even gained a radio licence and publicly broadcast his views on religion. Understanding the white to represent a life of purity and the red to represent martyrdom, he said he would accept them both. The immediate stimulus for this movement was Maximilian’s desire to counteract the militant naturalism of International Freemasonry t… His father was an ethnic German and his mother Polish. His father was an ethnic German and his mother of Polish origins. Raymond en-tered a Franciscan friary at 13. They pay our fare in the bargain. Shortly after his birth, his family moved to Pabianice. Rajmund was the second son of Julius Kolbe and Maria Dabrowska. Parish Office Hours Monday – Friday 9 am – 5 pm … As a young boy, he excelled in mathematics and science. Famous Polish figures – including Marie Curie, Pope John Paul II, Lech Walesa, Frederick Chopin and Nicholas Copernicus. Kolbe and the community at Niepokalanów helped to hide, feed and clothe 3,000 Polish refugees, (of which approximately 1,500 were Jews). At age 12, Kolbe was given a vision of Our Lady. In 1918 he was ordained a priest. In 1941 the Nazis imprisoned him in the Auschwitz death camp. Before becoming the Martyr of Charity, Maximilian Kolbe was born Rajmund Kolbe in 1894 in Poland. + Saint Maximilian Kolbe was canonized in 1982. He and the remaining brothers used the centre to shelter an estimated 2,000–3,000 Polish refugees, the majority of whom were Jewish, and continued to publish anti-Nazi publications. The thing to do now is to pray well in order to win as many souls as possible. “Dear Mama, At the end of the month of May I was transferred to the camp of Auschwitz. Francis Gajowniczek, the man whose life was saved by the martyrdom of Father Maximilian Kolbe. He was born the second son of a poor weaver on 8 January 1894 at Zdunska Wola near Lodz in Poland, and was given the baptismal name of … He settled in the monastery of Niepokalanów near Warsaw. Maximilian Maria. What a piece of good luck! Class Hours: 8:20 a.m. - 2:20 p.m. He founded a monastery on the outskirts of Nagasaki (the monastery survived the atomic blast, shielded by a mountain). We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. His beatification by Pope Paul VI quickly followed in 1971, and in 1982 St. Maximilian Kolbe was canonized by Pope John Paul II. St. Maximillian Kolbe St. Maximilian, born Raymond Kolbe in Poland, Jan. 8, 1894. Saint Maximilian Kolbe lived a life in total union with the Immaculate Virgin, because he knew (and preached), that only “In the womb of the Immaculate the soul is reborn according to the likeness of Jesus Christ.” And that is what Maximilian Kolbe truly was… another Christ, in life and in death. From the underground cell in which they were shut up there continually arose the echo of prayers and canticles. We celebrate his feast on August 14. St. Maximilian Kolbe was born as Raymund Kolbe on January 8, 1894, in the Kingdom of Poland, part of the Russian Empire. Kolbe had a strong devotion to the Virgin Mary and he became an active participant in the Militia Immaculata or Army of Mary. Kolbe was sent to the work camp. He beatified in 1971 and was canonized a saint on October 10, 1982 by Pope John Paul II. The story begins on 8 January, 1894 - Raymond Kolbe was born the second son of a poor weaver at Zdunska Wola near Lodz in Poland. The vision deeply affected him, and the following year he and his elder brother joined the Franciscan Conventuals. When first arrested he said: “Courage, my sons. It was on this day in 1941, the day before the Church celebrates St. Maximilian’s beloved Blessed Mother Mary, that Fr. In 1941, his newspaper “The Knight of the Immaculate” offered strong criticism of the Nazis. He is the patron Saint of Drug addicts, … The Saint of Auschwitz. His father was an ethnic German and his mother of Polish origin. After a brief internment in a notorious Polish prison, he was sent to Auschwitz concentration camp and branded prisoner #16670. Maximilian Kolbe was born in January 1894 in Zdunska Wola, the second of four sons of Julius Kolbe and Maria Dabrowska. Mary in St. Maximilian’s Childhood “I want to be an instrument in the hands of Mary as she is laboring to bring souls to Christ.” (St. Maximilian Kolbe) Born in 1894, Raymond Kolbe was a part of a pretty normal, very devout Catholic family in Poland. He recounts an early childhood vision of the Virgin Mary. Following a prisoner’s escape, 10 men were randomly selected to die as punishment, and Kolbe volunteered his life in the place of Franciszek Gajowniczek, who was married with young children. A fervent devotee of the Virgin Mary, he later founded sister institutions in Japan and India. St. Maximilian Kolbe was born in Poland in 1894 and at about the age of 10 had a vision of the Virgin Mary. Includes Eleanor Roosevelt, Mother Teresa and Emil Zatopek. He was a pioneering multimedia evangelist. The pope called him “The Patron Saint of Our Difficult Century”. Citation: Pettinger, Tejvan. Kolbe and … He felt a strong motivation to ‘fight for Mary’ against enemies of the church. She was born into this world in an unknown, hidden and poor home in a Palestinian village. Throughout the rest of his life, he experienced poor health, but never complained, seeing his illness as an opportunity to ‘suffer for Mary’. He was born the second son of a poor weaver on 8 January 1894 at Zdunska Wola near Lodz in Poland, and was given the baptismal name of Raymond. Aug 5, 2019 - Explore Rosemarie's board "Saint Maximilian Kolbe" on Pinterest. Honored a “martyr of charity,” Maximilian was executed by lethal injection on August 14, 1942. But in his dreams, he was a soldier, conquering the world for the Immaculate Mother. Maximilian Kolbe was canonized a Saint and a … The Nazi commander replied, “What does this Polish pig want?”, Father Kolbe pointed with his hand to the condemned Franciszek Gajowniczek and repeated: “I am a Catholic priest from Poland; I would like to take his place because he has a wife and children.”. Maximilian was the second son of Julius Kolbe and Maria Dabrowska. Kolbe was ordained as a priest and after completing his studies returned to the newly independent Poland in 1919. In 1910, he entered the Conventual Franciscan Order. Gajowniczek later said: “I could only thank him with my eyes. Rajmund Kolbe was born on 8 January 1894 in Zduńska Wola, in the Kingdom of Poland, which was then part of the Russian Empire. Three years later he was admitted to the Order of St. The men were led away to the underground bunker where they were to be starved to death. Famous saints – Famous saints from the main religious traditions of Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism and Buddhism. His parents were relatively poor, and in 1914 his father was captured by the Russians and hanged for his part in fighting for an independent Poland. St. Maximilian Kolbe. I said that I would accept them both.” [1]. Be tranquil about me and about my health, because the good God is everywhere and provides for everything with love. Maximilian Kolbe: Saint of Auschwitz at Amazon. His name wasn't always Maximilian. Don’t you see that we are leaving on a mission? His father was an ethnic German, and his mother was Polish. After the war, his reputation grew and he became symbolic of courageous dignity. 2014. 8 January 1894 – 14 August 1941), venerated as Saint Maximilian Kolbe, was a Polish Catholic priest and Conventual Franciscan friar who volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the German death camp of Auschwitz, located […] He died on August 14, 1941 at Auschwitz, a German concentration camp. When Poland was overrun by the Nazi forces in 1939, he was arrested under general suspicion on 13 September but was released after three months. St Maximilian M. Kolbe, Priest and Martyr (Memorial) Maximilian Kolbe was born Rajmund on 8 January 1894 in Zduńska Wola, which was at that time part of the Russian Empire. Poland at this time was part of the Russian Empire. It was the first and the last time that such an incident happened in the whole history of Auschwitz.”. St. Maximilian Kolbe gave his life for that of a stranger. Even though he was a lively and clever child, he felt drawn to follow the Lord and love the Immaculata who had offered him two crowns: one white, symbolizing purity, and the other red, symbolizing martyrdom. Despite the awful conditions of Auschwitz, people report that Kolbe retained a deep faith, equanimity and dignity in the face of appalling treatment. Much of his spiritual development occurred during these formative years, as well as his years in preparation for the priesthood. Bruno Borgowiec, a Polish prisoner who was charged with serving the prisoner later gave a report of what he saw: “The ten condemned to death went through terrible days. His father, Julius, later ran a religious book store, then enlisted in the army of Pilsudski, fought for Polish independence from Russia, and was hanged by the Russians as a traitor in 1914. Because the guards wanted the cell emptied, the remaining prisoners and Kolbe were executed with a lethal injection. See more ideas about st maximilian, saints, saint maximillian kolbe. Its purpose was to bring about the reign of the Sacred Heart of Jesus by encouraging each and every soul to make a total consecration of themselves to the Immaculate Virgin Mary. St. Maximilian Kolbe was born Raymond Kolbe in Poland January 8, 1894. Witnesses say Kolbe accepted his mistreatment and blows with surprising calm. On one occasion Krott made Kolbe carry the heaviest planks until he collapsed; he then beat Kolbe savagely, leaving him for dead in the mud. In 1919 he also gained a doctorate of theology from the University of St. Bonaventure. At his canonisation, in 1982 Pope John Paul II said: “Maximilian did not die but gave his life … for his brother.”. The real conflict is the inner conflict. Cordial greetings and kisses, affectionately. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Both parents were devout Christians with a particular devotion to Mary. Franciszek Gajowniczek would miraculously survive Auschwitz, and would later be present at Kolbe’s canonisation in 1971. However, increasingly ill, he returned to Poland in 1936. Before that he was ordained a priest in 1919. Maximilian Kolbe was beatified in Rome by Pope Paul VI. His first vows was professed in 1911 and the final vows in 1914. Maximilian Kolbe: Saint of Auschwitz: Stone, Murray Stone, Elaine: 9780809166374: Books - Amazon.ca His father Julius Kolbe was a weaver by profession, while his mother Maria Dąbrowska was a midwife. 278 Wellington St. East, Aurora L4G 1J5 Phone: 905-727-5652 Attendance: 905-727-4893 Guidance: 905-727-0934 Fax: 905-727-1884. Updated 2 March 2019. He was a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar and a martyr in the German death Camp of Auschwitz during World War II. Gajowniczek survived Auschwitz and attended both the beatification and canonization ceremonies. During the German occupation of Poland, he remained at Niepokalanów a monastery which published a number of anti-Nazi German publications. His remains were unceremoniously cremated on 15 August. Born in 1894 as Raymond Kolbe to a poor, Polish family, he used to drive his … The work party was overseen by a vicious ex-criminal ‘Bloody Krott’ who came to single out Kolbe for particularly brutal treatment. This seminary was in Austria-Hungary and it meant illegally crossing the border. His father was a weaver and mother was a midwife. was a Polish Catholic friar, martyr and the most influential Mariologist of the 20th century. Towards the end of his studies, Kolbe suffered his first bout of tuberculosis and he became quite ill, often coughing up blood; the illness disrupted his studies. In July 1941, three prisoners appeared to have escaped from the camp; as a result, the Deputy Commander of Auschwitz ordered 10 men to be chosen to be starved to death in an underground bunker. Raymond Kolbe was born on January 8, 1894, in Zdunska-Wola, Poland. Saint Maximilian Kolbe was a Polish Conventual Franciscan Friar. We have never seen anyone like him…”. Maximilian (Raymond) Kolbe was born on 7 January 1894 in Zdunska-Wola, near Lodz, in Poland. Prayers to St. Maximilian Kolbe; How to Help; Contacts; Families; The Cell of Love; Calendario mensile; Contenuto della pagina Biography. Early Life Raymund Kolbe was born on 8 January 1894 In Zdunska Wola, in the Kingdom of Poland (then part of the Russian Empire). “Biography of Maximilian Kolbe”, Oxford, UK – www.biographyonline.net. Conv. Aim Higher! 3rd August. On June 15, he was even able to send a letter to his mother. On October 17, 1971, Kolbe was beatified by Pope Paul VI, the first Nazi victim to be proclaimed blessed by the Roman Catholic Church. Kolbe was an active priest and particularly keen to work for the conversion of sinners and enemies of the Catholic Church. He was born under the name as Raymund Kolbe. Young Raymond Kolbe excelled in math and physics. Maximilian would become his religious name when he was ordained a priest in 1918. When the Nazi guards selected 10 people to be starved to death in punishment, Kolbe volunteered to die in place of a stranger. Since they had grown very weak, prayers were now only whispered. He was a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar and a martyr in the German death Camp of Auschwitz during World War II. St. Maximilian Kolbe – Model of Christian Charity Saint Maximilian Kolbe was born Raymond Kolbe in 1894 in Zdunska Wola, Poland. Born on January 8, 1894, in Zduńska-Wola, Poland, Maximilian lamented the existence of … What would you do? St. Maximilian Mary Kolbe. Kolbe was successful in using the latest technology to spread his message. Kolbe (born January 8, 1894; died August 14, 1941) was born as Rajmund Kolbe and was later also known as Maksymilian or Massimiliano Maria Kolbe and “Apostle of Consecration to Mary." Connecting to Be My Disciples ® Updates? In 1907 Kolbe … Raymund Kolbe was born on January 8th, 1894 in Zduńska-Wola, Poland. Those present say he calmly accepted death, lifting up his arm. In 1910, he joined the Conventual Franciscan Order. He is a well-known saint for his heroic sacrifice in Auschwitz, volunteering to die in the place of a stranger in the German death camp, but there is much to learn from his life, starting at a very young age. Includes Joan of Arc, Galileo, Harriet Tubman, Socrates, Malala Yousafzai. The Words of St. Maximilian (“During her Earthly Life.” Taken from an undated manuscript for a book planned on Mary.) It is said that in the bunker, Kolbe would lead the men in prayer and singing hymns to Mary. Raymond Kolbe was born on January 8, 1894, in Zdunska-Wola, Poland. In 1930, Kolbe travelled to Japan, where he spent several years serving as a missionary. Includes St Francis of Assisi, Mirabai and Guru Nanak. As a young boy, he excelled in mathematics and science. Before becoming the Martyr of Charity, Maximilian Kolbe was born Rajmund Kolbe in 1894 in Poland. “I felt the Immaculata drawing me to herself more and more closely… I had a custom of keeping a holy picture of one of the Saints to whom she appeared on my prie-dieu in my cell, and I used to pray to the Immaculata very fervently” (Link Militia of the Immaculata). And I owe to him the fact that I could tell you all this. Everything is well in my regard. In his free time, he would draw up strategic military plans with the ambition of defending Poland as a soldier one day. He was sent to study in Rome where he was ordained a priest in 1918. Courageous people In 1910, he was given the religious name Maximillian and was admitted as an initiate. DEADLINE HAS BEEN EXTENDED – Register Incoming Grade 9 students at St. Maximilian Kolbe CHS for September 2021-2022" Merry Christmas SMK. It would be well that you do not write to me until you will have received other news from me, because I do not know how long I will stay here. Kolbe and the other nine prisoners were starved for weeks until he and the few others who were still alive were finally injected with carbolic acid and cremated. St. Maximilian Kolbe was very active in promoting the Immaculate Virgin Mary. In 1912 he went to Rome, where he studied theology and philosophy at the Pontifical Gregorian University. He was sent to study in … Saints are not born, they are made. Raymund developed a strong religious yearning from an early life. Kolbe was not only one of those who suffered, he ministered to them as well. He gained a doctorate in philosophy at the Pontifical Gregorian University in 1915. The white one meant that I should persevere in purity, and the red that I should become a martyr. See you all … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. In 1917 he founded the sodality (i.e., devotional association) of the Militia of Mary Immaculate, thus making a significant contribution to the international Marian movement. He was canonized by the Catholic Church as Saint Maximilian Kolbe on October 10, 1982 by Pope John Paul II, and declared a martyr of charity. He had four brothers, two of whom died very young. Saint Maximilian Kolbe O.F.M. Share this film. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-Maksymilian-Maria-Kolbe, Jewish Virtual Library - Biography of Maximilian Kolbe. 80 workers at 2 In-N-Out restaurants test positive for … Saint Maximilian was the founder and publisher of the Knight of the Immaculate. Beyond armies of occupation and the hecatombs of extermination camps, there are two irreconcilable enemies in the depth of every soul: good and evil, sin and love. + Saint Maximilian Kolbe was canonized in 1982. St. Maksymilian Maria Kolbe, also spelled Saint Maximilian Maria Kolbe, original name Rajmund Kolbe, (born January 8, 1894, Zduńska Wola, near Lodz, Russian Empire [now in Poland]—died August 14, 1941, Auschwitz [now Oświęcim]; feast day August 14), ; canonized October 10, 1982), Franciscan priest and religious founder martyred by the Nazis for aiding Jewish refugees during World War II. When the Nazi guards selected 10 … Shortly after this publication, on 17 February 1941, he was arrested by the Gestapo for hiding Jewish people. I was saved. On being released, many Polish refugees and Jews sought sanctuary in Kolbe’s monastery. As tomorrow is the feast day of the Assumption of our Blessed Virgin Mary, here are some of the most fascinating facts about the life of one of her most devout saints, St. Maximilian Kolbe: Raymund Kolbe was born on January 8, 1894, in Poland. A factor that led to his mother Maria Dąbrowska was a midwife, nearly all the,! White to represent a life of purity and martyrdom always empty worked at as... To work for the Immaculate mother soldier one day in Order to win as souls... Her Earthly Life. ” taken from an early childhood vision of the selected men Franciszek Gajowniczek heard was. Vicious ex-criminal ‘ Bloody Krott ’ who came to single out Kolbe for particularly brutal treatment Chopin Nicholas! 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