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By Janine Leschke

The value of non-standard employment types has elevated during the last many years. Janine Leschke addresses vital questions during this regard. First, do employees with part-time and transitority contracts face higher hazards of turning into unemployed than people with normal contracts? Secondly, how some distance are they deprived by way of entry to and point of unemployment merits? the writer compares the layout of unemployment gain structures in Denmark, Germany, Spain, and the uk. After discussing the advance and function of non-standard employment in those international locations, she examines the correct positive factors of unemployment coverage structures equivalent to hours and incomes thresholds and minimal contribution standards. Her empirical research exhibits that non-standard employees usually tend to turn into unemployed or inactive and are deprived of their entitlements to unemployment benefits.

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Extra info for Unemployment Insurance and Non-Standard Employment: Four European Countries in Comparison

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What are the reasons for the predominance of publicly provided unemployment insurance if the non-economic arguments cannot hold? Sometimes cost issues are brought forward as arguments against private insurance. Administrative costs arise from marketing, processing (matching premiums and individual risks) and reimbursement. If these costs are taken into consideration, social insurance has an advantage over private insurance insofar as it usually has no marketing costs (no competition), low processing and reimbursement costs due to 14 Well-known examples in this context are Australia and the Netherlands.

The functions of institutions are to facilitate exchange and to reduce uncertainty by establishing a stable structure to human interaction (North 1990: 6, 47). Consistent with transaction cost theory, institutions may decrease information, monitoring and enforcement costs (North 1990). Within secure institutional settings reliability is comparatively high, while costs can be kept relatively low through standardised contracts and through implementing average premiums and thus avoiding information costs.

Early theoretical studies already recognised that primary sector work is sometimes shifted to the secondary sector by making use of subcontracting or temporary contracts (Gordon 1972). 2 Segmented labour markets 37 wages on the other side (OECD 2003b). Similarly, Esping-Andersen (1995) points out that evidence, for Spain as well as for France, indicates that temporary contracts nourish dualisms while they hardly generate additional net employment growth. Flexibilisation may not only deepen the cleavage between the core and peripheral workforces, but the wage and job-security privileges of permanent workers or ‘insiders’ might be strengthened precisely because firms can regulate their labour force needs at the margin through temporary workers who can be easily dismissed (compare Esping-Andersen (1995)).

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