By Leonard Susskind

During the last decade the physics of black holes has been revolutionized by way of advancements that grew out of Jacob Bekenstein s recognition that black holes have entropy. Stephen Hawking raised profound matters in regards to the lack of info in black gap evaporation and the consistency of quantum mechanics in a global with gravity. for 2 many years those questions questioned theoretical physicists and at last resulted in a revolution within the method we predict approximately area, time, subject and knowledge. This revolution has culminated in a striking precept referred to as The Holographic precept , that is now a tremendous concentration of realization in gravitational learn, quantum box idea and straight forward particle physics. Leonard Susskind, one of many co-inventors of the Holographic precept in addition to one of many founders of String concept, develops and explains those ideas.

**Read Online or Download An introduction to black holes, information and the string theory revolution : the holographic universe PDF**

**Similar atomic & nuclear physics books**

**Quantum optics: quantum theories of spontaneous emission**

The aim of this text is to study spontaneous emission from numerous diverse viewpoints, even though a wide a part of it is going to be dedicated to the quantum statistical theories of spontaneous emission which were built lately, and to discussing the interrelations between diverse ways.

**Atoms and Molecules in Strong External Fields**

This publication includes contributions to the 172. WE-Heraeus-Seminar “Atoms and Molecules in powerful exterior Fields,” which happened April 7–11 1997 on the Phys- zentrum undesirable Honnef (Germany). The designation “strong fields” applies to exterior static magnetic, and/or electrical fields which are sufficiently extreme to reason adjustments within the atomic or molecular str- ture and dynamics.

**Statistical mechanics: Entropy, order parameters, and complexity**

This thoroughly revised variation of the classical ebook on Statistical Mechanics covers the fundamental innovations of equilibrium and non-equilibrium statistical physics. as well as a deductive method of equilibrium information and thermodynamics in keeping with a unmarried speculation this e-book treats crucial components of non-equilibrium phenomena.

**Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter**

This booklet illustrates the heritage of Atomic Physics and exhibits how its latest advances enable the potential for acting designated measurements and reaching a correct keep watch over at the atomic country. Written in an introductory sort, this e-book is addressed to complex undergraduate and graduate scholars, in addition to to more matured researchers who have to stay up to date with the latest advances.

- Statistical mechanics : entropy, order parameters, and complexity
- Using REDUCE in High Energy Physics
- Models of the atomic nucleus: with interactive software
- Theoretical Nuclear And Subnuclear Physics, 2nd Edition
- Spin Eigenfunctions: Construction and Use
- Collision-induced Absorption in Gases

**Additional info for An introduction to black holes, information and the string theory revolution : the holographic universe**

**Sample text**

Evidently the Rindler observer sees a world in which physical phenomena can be described in a completely self contained way. 31 Black Holes, Information, and the String Theory Revolution 32 The evolution from one surface of constant ω to another is governed by the Rindler Hamiltonian. 1) ρ=0 where T 00 is the usual Hamiltonian density used by the Minkowski observer. 2) where Π is the canonical momentum conjugate to χ. 3) The origin of the factor ρ in the Rindler Hamiltonian density is straightforward.

4 Vacuum pair ﬂuctuations near the horizon A virtual ﬂuctuation is usually considered to be short lived because it “violates energy conservation”. If the virtual ﬂuctuation of energy needed to produce the pair is E, then the lifetime of the ﬂuctuation ∼ E −1 . Now consider the portion of the loop (b) which is found in Region I. From the viewpoint of the Fidos, a particle is injected into the system at ω = −∞ and ρ = 0. The particle travels to some distance and then falls back towards ρ = 0 and ω = +∞.

19 we see two important features of the entropy of Rindler space. The ﬁrst is that it is proportional to the transverse area of the horizon, B 2 . One might have expected it to diverge as the volume of space, but this is not the case. The entropy is stored in the vicinity of the stretched horizon and therefore grows only like the area. The second feature which should alarm us is that the entropy per unit area diverges like 1 2 . As we shall see, the entropy density of the horizon is a physical quantity whose exact value is known.