By Erode G. Mahadevan
The publication describes the technology and expertise of formula and production of non-nitroglycerine explosives with ammonium nitrate because the major component. in line with the author's adventure of greater than thirty years, it offers an unheard of remedy of 1 of the commercially most crucial sessions of explosives and consequently stimulates additional learn and improvement efforts within the box of explosives for civil applications.Content:
Chapter 1 class of Explosives (pages 1–3):
Chapter 2 Explosive technological know-how (pages 5–14):
Chapter three Ammonium Nitrate Explosives (pages 15–30):
Chapter four Ammonium Nitrate and AN/FO (pages 31–58):
Chapter five Slurries and Water Gels (pages 59–112):
Chapter 6 Emulsion Explosives (pages 113–155):
Chapter 7 study and improvement (pages 157–162):
Chapter eight practical protection in the course of Manufacture of AN Explosives (pages 163–177):
Chapter nine Economics of AN?Based Explosives (pages 179–193):
Chapter 10 present prestige and Concluding comments (pages 195–197):
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Extra resources for Ammonium Nitrate Explosives for Civil Applications: Slurries, Emulsions and Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oils
Physically breaking down such lumps was time-consuming and dangerous as evidenced by the serious explosions which took place in Texas and other locations mentioned in literature as examples. The characteristics of one of well-used AN crystallized products manufactured in Sweden are given below. 1% 92% The phenomenon of caking in crystalline AN was of sufﬁciently serious magnitude to come to the attention of scientists and engineers and motivate them to ﬁnd ways and means to overcome the problem.
5 Summary Testing of explosives both in the initial stages of evolving and later while manufacturing will require different criteria. The test in the initial stages of research and product development needs to give in-depth knowledge of the explosive in all its characteristic. For quality checks in routine production plant and storage, tests need to give only information on the status of the explosive being manufactured and to inform whether it is deviating from the norms set after elaborate study.
The diameter of the booster should be as close as possible to the diameter of the cartridge being tested and the weight used is about 10% of the explosive weight. 3. As the reaction proceeds after initiation, it sets off the two arms (probes) of the detonating fuse embedded at a ﬁxed distance in the cartridge. The detonating fuse after getting initiated has two waves traveling in the opposite direction. They meet at a point and the collision is marked on a lead or aluminum plate. The distance of the mark on the plate from the midpoint of the DF used is a measure of the VOD of the explosive.