By J. Miller
This ebook examines 3 examples of overdue nineteenth-century eastern diversifications of Western literature: a biography of U.S. provide recasting him as a jap warrior, a Victorian novel reset as oral functionality, and an American melodrama redone as a serialized novel selling the reform of jap theater. Written from a comparative point of view, it argues that variation (hon'an) used to be a sound kind of modern eastern translation that fostered inventive appropriation throughout many genres and between a various workforce of writers and artists. additionally, it invitations readers to think again variation within the context of translation idea.
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Additional resources for Adaptations of Western Literature in Meiji Japan
11 On 4 July, General and Mrs. Grant, in their ﬁrst of several Imperial audiences, shook hands with the Emperor and Empress. The group settled into lodgings carefully prepared for them at the Hama Detached Palace, and began a two-month series of ofﬁcial receptions, shopping sprees, and visits to cultural and industrial sites. Everywhere Grant went he was greeted by ﬂagwaving, music, and solemn receptions. ”12 A reporter describes another such welcome at the College of Engineering (8 July): In the compound there were six thousand lamps of variegated colors, the majority having the national ﬂags of Japan and America painted on them.
Robun describes Abraham Lincoln’s assassination, incorrectly stating that villains stabbed him to death while he was attending the theater. Again, a paraphrase of Robun’s text: Johnson, the Vice President, took over, and Grant, appointed the ﬁrst supreme commander of the United States military forces since Washington, fought diligently to reunite a divided nation. Although Johnson had great enmity for Lee and the Confederate leaders, Grant interceded for mercy on Lee’s behalf. When Johnson revealed his ill will towards the South, Grant ran for his ofﬁce and was elected president in 1868.
Thus objectiﬁed, printed texts took on a dimension of malleability that allowed, if not encouraged, domestication: The horizontal, foreign alphabets, photograph-based etchings, and other illustrations—even the chapbook, literary journal and hard-bound book formats—set the hon’anmono sources apart from Japanese textual conventions. In the case of printed sources, then, the physical strangeness of the imported text demanded localized adaptation, and Meiji writers went to varying lengths in their efforts to tone down the otherness of the originals.