Download A Scientific Way of War: Antebellum Military Science, West by Ian Clarence Hope PDF

By Ian Clarence Hope

While religion within the Enlightenment was once waning in other places via 1850, on the usa army Academy at West element and within the minds of academy graduates serving during the kingdom Enlightenment considering persevered, saying that struggle used to be governable by way of a grand idea available during the research of army technology. officials of the average military and teachers on the army academy and their political superiors all believed strongly within the chance of buying an ideal wisdom of warfare throughout the right curriculum.
A medical method of War analyzes how the doctrine of army technological know-how advanced from educating particular Napoleonic functions to embracing matters that were useful for struggle in North the United States. Drawing from a wide range of fabrics, Ian C. wish refutes previous fees of an absence of professionalization within the antebellum American military and an overreliance at the teachings of Swiss army theorist Antoine de Jomini. as a substitute, wish exhibits that inculcation in West Point’s American army curriculum finally got here to supply the military with an officer corps that shared a standard doctrine and customary ability in army challenge fixing. The proliferation of army technological know-how ensured that at the eve of the Civil warfare there existed a pretty American, and medical, approach of war.

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Extra resources for A Scientific Way of War: Antebellum Military Science, West Point, and the Origins of American Military Thought

Sample text

However, the first plantations were sufficiently militarized to produce a legacy. All male colonists brought armor and weapons over the ocean, which they then carried constantly and hung on the walls of their makeshift homes as they slept. Military practices were part of everyday life. Edward Winslow described the exercise of arms in front of Native guests during the first Thanksgiving Day in 1620. 2 This is not to suggest that the colonial plantations were military exercises. The carriage of arms and the performance of drill during village muster were defensive measures to counter the threat of raids by European foes and Indians.

Military preparedness involved an Elizabethan tradition of universal militia service, augmented by volunteer companies raised by colonial elites. While colonial military thought was decidedly British in 1775, French military science grew short roots in the young republic during the Revolution, and Nationalists and Federalists kept it alive thereafter. It gained currency when Congress passed legislation to fortify coastal frontiers and establish a corps of engineers and artillery in 1794. Establishment of the military academy in 1802 provided a place for instruction in military science, but it took the War of 1812 to complete this institutionalization.

Suspicious of independent states’ governments, Duportail recommended a “general plan of defence” containing three distinct 25 early national military science frontier regions, each served by a unit of engineer-artillerists under a single senior officer responsible for all fortifications on that frontier, regardless of state boundaries. These officers would report to a director of a federal department of artillery and fortifications, who in turn would report to the “Board of War” or to Congress directly, circumventing anyone other than the highest national authorities.

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