Download A Guide To Task Analysis: The Task Analysis Working Group by B Kirwan, L. K. Ainsworth PDF

By B Kirwan, L. K. Ainsworth

This paintings indicates readers how one can goal job research TA assets successfully over the lifestyles cycle of a venture from conceptual layout via To structures Operation, Noting The position Of TA In defense And caliber insurance, minimizing operator errors

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Additional info for A Guide To Task Analysis: The Task Analysis Working Group

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Finally, when evaluating/auditing a system, a primary task will be to check that each person needed to run and maintain the system is suited to the job for which they are employed. Staffing and job organization After determining which tasks will be performed by people and which by machine, the numbers of people (referred to hereafter as staffing) and their organization (job organization) will need to be defined. This will be dependent upon the quantity and type of tasks, how long each task is likely to take, whether any tasks are required in parallel, and how much time there is to successfully perform tasks in terms of process requirements.

The actual positioning of equipment and the ease with which instrumentation and controls can be used, as well as more realistic estimates of system process timings and delays will affect the time estimated to complete a task. 3 Staffing and job organization Human factors issue (HFI) Description of HFI Task analysis methods Clarify task activities Hierarchical task analysis Operational sequence diagrams Observation Work study Walk-through/ talk-through Establish system events and timings Synthesize task times Check loadings on personnel Specify team organization Clarification and description of task activities and response to the process System analysis in terms of patterns of events including time available for completion Synthesis of task times compared with system timings.

Information gathered in this way can provide the basis for major, or minor, revisions in a system that is being developed. Description of technique Apart from Flanagan (1954), most reports of the technique give emphasis to different specific aspects of its usage. As such, it has come to take on a range of interpretations in different contexts. Flanagan paints a very broad picture of its application in personnel related areas, whereas other people have restricted its use to such task situations as the original Fitts and Jones (1947) study of cockpit activities.

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